Lunar Lander Model in a Mississippi Park
This will be the last chapter of this book to address technological problems of the NASA Apollo Space Program narrative. There are a great many technology issues which could be addressed, but it has never been a goal of this book to serve as an exhaustive treatise on all of the evidence related to this topic. I am going to briefly touch on a number of technologies reportedly used in the Apollo program. If the reader is inclined to do so, they are encouraged to search out these subjects further on their own.
One of the claims of NASA that strikes me as lacking credibility (and there are many), is that the astronauts of the Apollo program were able to set the lunar lander down on the Moon’s surface on six different occasions without mishap. This claim is particularly improbable because the technology had never been tested prior to landing on the Moon, and nothing else like it existed anywhere.
NASA created a simulator for the astronauts to practice on to give them some Earth-based experience on handling the lunar lander.
Lunar Lander Research Vehicle (LLRV)
The LLRV, however, seemed to be more of a proof-of-concept design to convince the public that NASA had this technology well in hand, than an actual simulator of what the Apollo astronauts would experience. The LLRV had guidance rockets mounted in strategic places on the frame to control the motion of the craft. These guidance rockets were not powerful enough to lift the LLRV off the surface of the Earth, so NASA chose to mount a jet engine in the bottom center of the craft, mounted on gimbals which allowed it to move. The jet engine provided thrust to raise the vehicle off the ground. Jet engines, however, cannot be used on the Moon for they operate by pushing massive amounts of air at high speed through their turbines. The Moon has no atmosphere, so jets cannot be used there.
The public may have been fooled into thinking that there is no essential difference between mounting a jet underneath a vehicle and mounting a rocket in the same place, but the differences are in fact many and significant. One of the critical differences is that a jet engine can be throttled up and down easily to alter the amount of thrust it is producing. By contrast, at the time of the Apollo program, no rocket had ever been designed that could be throttled up and down to vary its thrust. Rockets were either on or off. They were pedal to the metal, or full stop. Yet, to land a craft on the Moon would require a variable thrust rocket motor so that the thrust could be tapered off as the vehicle approached the lunar surface.
One anomalous detail of the Moon landings that has been pointed out by many individuals is that both the landing rocket and the launch rocket used to escape from the lunar surface are shown in television clips and still images as having no visible rocket plume.
This is to me one of the most poorly faked parts of the Apollo missions. The omission of the rocket plume and exhaust smoke seems to have been accepted by many people as authentic because they had been previously plied with images of the LLRV flying in the Earth’s atmosphere without any exhaust trail. Most of the public never understood that the LLRV used a jet engine, not a rocket.
LLRV Training Flight
NASA never built a prototype of the Lunar Lander using variable thrust rockets which the astronauts could test on Earth. Consequently, the very first time the Apollo astronauts ever flew such a craft was when they reportedly landed them on the Moon. These Moon vehicles would have been more problematic than the LLRV which was used for Earth simulations, yet the astronauts had great difficulty just flying the LLRV. The following video shows Neil Armstrong in a test session with the LLRV when it becomes unstable. Not being able to correct the stability of the craft, he is forced to use the emergency ejection seat and parachute to the ground. The LLRV then crashes and bursts into flames. That would be a rather tragic ending for any of the Apollo Moon landings.
Nevertheless, we are to believe that the Apollo astronauts, having to steer their craft by peering out a window, making visibility much more problematic than sitting in an open trainer, were able to land their spacecraft without any problems six times in a row.
The truth is that man has only recently come close to perfecting tail first rocket landings. The private firms Blue Origins and SpaceX have both been working on perfecting rocket landings so that they can re-use their rockets and thereby cut down significantly on costs. These two companies, employing the best minds in rocket science today, having nearly 50 more years of advances in rocket technology behind them, and being able to use extremely powerful computers to perform critical real-time adjustments to the rocket’s guidance systems, experienced crash after crash until only in the last year being able to accomplish a tail first landing.
SpaceX vs Blue Origin
Numerous videos of the rockets crashing while attempting tail first landings can be viewed online.
The following video shows a successful tail first landing of a Blue Origin rocket. Note all the dust and debris kicked up by the rocket, and the fiery glow as the rocket settles onto the ground.
The Apollo Lunar Lander by contrast shows very little dust being kicked up, and where there should be melted silica and a crater scoured out by the blast of the rocket engine, the ground appears perfectly undisturbed in Apollo images.
Additionally, the foil like covering which wrapped the exterior of the Lunar Lander should have been ripped to shreds by the blast of the lunar soil being violently hurled out by the force of the landing rockets. Yet, the thin foil-like covering is pristine and undamaged in Apollo photographs.
If man is only now perfecting the ability to land rockets tail first using variable thrust rocket engines, and they are achieving this by using lightning quick computers and sophisticated programming, how did men in the 1960s accomplish the same feat without the aid of embedded computer control systems?
Another bit of mythological Apollo technology is their extreme environment air conditioning systems. I live in a motorhome, and I have installed an auxiliary solar power system. I have three large Absorbed Glass Mat batteries, some of the best technology available to consumers today for this type of application. Each of the batteries weighs 90 pounds. Together they provide 459 Amp Hours of electric power. This is sufficient to power a number of things, including LED lights which are a technology that did not exist in the 1960s. The Apollo Command Module used fluorescent lamps for its general illumination, and the Lunar Module used incandescent lamps.
Both fluorescent and incandescent lighting use far more electricity than LEDs. My battery system is sufficient to run numerous LED lights, some small appliances such as a laptop computer, printer, a fan, and a very efficient 12 volt DC freezer. I do have a power converter to supply 110 volt AC power from my battery bank, and with this I can operate a microwave and other small appliances for brief periods. Yet, one thing I cannot run from my battery bank is my motorhome’s air conditioner. Air conditioners are extremely power hungry devices, and although I can power the roof air conditioner from my batteries, it would drain them in just a couple hours.
Understand that the air conditioner I use needs to only handle the much milder conditions of Earth. The highest temperatures I experience at my location rarely reach 100 degrees Fahrenheit, or 37 degrees Celsius. On the Moon, however, temperatures vary from 250 degrees Fahrenheit in the Sun, to minus 250 degrees in the shade. The Apollo Command Module and Lunar Module both had to be equipped with their own battery banks, and these battery banks had to be large enough to power a heating and cooling system far more capable than anything needed on Earth.
NASA states that the Apollo missions relied upon batteries and fuel cells to supply all of the power needs of their various modules, as well as for the Lunar Rovers used on later missions. I am admittedly a profound skeptic regarding these claims. The Apollo Mission requirements would have necessitated that the entire Lunar Module, not just the small astronaut living quarters, be environmentally controlled. The rocket fuels used would boil away if subjected to the intense heat of the lunar surface, therefore the fuel tanks had to be maintained at a consistent temperature.
Additionally the spacesuits used by the astronauts had to cool and heat them in an environment of the same temperature extremes. The spacesuits needed power for numerous things, including their oxygen delivery system, and the water circulation pumps used to cool the astronauts. All this had to be powered by battery. One characteristic of batteries of all types is that they are sensitive to temperature variations, for they depend upon chemical reactions in order to work. If a battery gets too hot or too cold it can be greatly degraded in its ability to supply power, or worse, it could explode or catch fire.
Battery technology in the 1960s was not what it is today. I do not believe NASA had the technology to send men out into space for 8-12 days at a time, running all of their power intensive systems off of batteries and fuel cells. The weight of the batteries required to run these systems for the extensive times involved would have been prohibitive.
Related to the subject of spacesuits, some surprising comments were made by Michael Wargo, NASA’s chief lunar scientist for Exploration Systems in a November 2009 article posted to the Space.com website. While commenting on establishing a lunar base, Wargo stated the following.
“None of our spacesuits that we currently have would be appropriate for that extreme an environment.” Any materials built for Earth-like temperatures won’t work on the moon. “They don’t bend anymore, they fracture, and they fracture brittle-y, and so everything gets extremely brittle at those temperatures,” Wargo said.
So what material did the Apollo astronauts use? They appeared to be quite flexible and mobile, and their suits did not appear to be brittle or to fracture.
Then there is the issue of the slow motion movements of the astronauts while on the lunar surface. Stanley Kubrick had popularized the idea of people in space or in low gravity environments moving in slow motion in his film 2001, A Space Odyssey. This movie was released the year before the first Apollo Moon landing. Its depiction of movement in space helped prepare people to accept the videos of the Apollo Moon walks.
It does not make sense for the astronauts on the Moon to move about in slow motion. In 1/6th gravity their actions should be quicker, and without an atmosphere to dampen movements, motions should occur faster for friction is reduced. The only thing that would be slowed would be vertical motions as the diminished lunar gravity pulls objects toward the surface. Just ask yourself the question, “Should a person be able to run faster in a low gravity environment with no atmosphere, or in a high gravity environment with a thick atmosphere?”
To think of it another way, consider how your movements would be affected if you put 10 pound weights on each of your feet. Would you not move slower with the added weight? How about if you increased the weight to 25 pounds on each foot, and then 50 pounds on each foot? You would be sluggish indeed. Now consider that you have been walking around with a 50 pound weight on each foot for a month, and suddenly you take the weights off. What would your muscle memory do to your actions? You would end up making quicker, exaggerated motions unintentionally. Yet that is not what we see in the movements of the astronauts on the Moon.
The truth is that no man has ever observed a person moving on the surface of a planet with a lower gravity than Earth’s and a thinner atmosphere, so people are easily persuaded to believe whatever depictions are shown to them on television.
I am going to move on now to discuss another subject that often comes up when discussing the Moon landing hoax. Many people defend the NASA narrative by stating that, if it were not true, the Soviets would certainly have known the truth and announced the deception to the world, for they were the mortal enemies of the United States. People who make such assertions have not yet discerned how deep the rabbit hole of deception goes.
Kruschev and Kennedy, 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis
The Cold War that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union was itself a fiction concocted to deceive the citizens of the nations and justify immense military and government spending programs. NASA itself would not have come into existence unless the Soviets were seen as the enemies of America and it appeared that they were winning the space race. By beating the drums of war and engaging in fearmongering of the Soviets being able to put satellites in orbit anywhere and drop nuclear bombs on Americans from the skies, forces within the American government were able to wrest billions of additional dollars annually from the American citizens and place the money into the hands of the global corporate elite.
Who are the parties which profited during the Cold War? That is the question to ask if you want to know who originated the deception. The chief profiteers were the bankers and industrialists who supplied the financing and the material to conduct the Cold War. What the Cold War accomplished was the rape of two of the most wealthy nations on Earth, both with immense natural resources. Rather than the citizens reaping the benefits of their nation’s resources, a conflict was manufactured to transfer the wealth to the hands of a few global elite.
In the book Dragon Flood I recounted how American bankers and corporations built the fledgling Soviet Union into a global power so that it could be used to create the fiction of a multi-polar world with two super-powers who were at odds with one another. Following is an excerpt.
Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin
America’s government has maintained an image of being opposed to Communism, but her policies, and the actions of her bankers and industrialists, have been quite the opposite. At a time when Russia was still vulnerable to overthrow from members of her own country, American policy betrayed those who opposed the Communist government, sending millions to their deaths. Many Russians who were anti-Communist, put their trust in the American government who outwardly evinced a policy to stop Communism. The misplaced trust in America’s political leaders proved to be a fatal mistake for many. Ralph Epperson writes of the period following World War II.
Roosevelt and Eisenhower approved the forced repatriation of some six million people back to Russia, many of whom were tortured or killed after they reached their destination.
Two Russians who have written of this abominable decision of these American leaders are Nikolai Tolstoy and Alexandr Solzhenitsyn. The Americans called this repatriation “Operation Keelhaul,” after the naval form of punishment or torture where the prisoner is hauled under the keel of a ship by a rope tied to the prisoner’s body.
These six million individuals were not only soldiers who had fought on the side of the Germans against the Russians, but they were women and children as well.
700,000 of this total were soldiers under the command of Lt. Gen. Andrei Vlasov, a brilliant Soviet officer and one of the heroes of the battle of Moscow in 1942. In April of 1945, General Vlasov led his troops to the American lines so that they could surrender and then volunteer to return to Communist Russia and attempt to oust the Bolshevik government. They laid down their arms and considered themselves to be American Prisoners of War.
Vlasov was informed that permission to pass through the American lines had been refused, so he had to order his unarmed men to save themselves as best they could. Most of them were forcibly repatriated back to Russia and executed. General Vlasov himself was taken from an American escort by Soviet troops and spirited away to Moscow where he was later executed.
The British government behaved no more honorably. Despite guarantees to the contrary, more than 30,000 Cossacks, including women and children, led by General P.N. Krasnov, were disarmed and forcibly turned over to the Russian Army. Many committed suicide rather than be repatriated back to the Communist government in Russia.
[Source: The Unseen Hand, Ralph A. Epperson]
In another section of his book, Epperson relates the immense support that America gave the Soviets in building up their industrial capacity, their military, and in keeping them afloat financially. The ultimate goal of the global elite guiding this policy was the formation of a single world government. Joseph Stalin spoke of the reasons that the Communist nations needed the support of Capitalist nations. He said:
It is essential that the proletariat of the advanced countries should render real and prolonged aid to the backward nationalities in their cultural and economic development. Unless such aid is forthcoming, it will be impossible to bring the various nations and peoples within a single world economic system that is so essential for the triumph of socialism.
[Source: Dan Smoot Report, June 22, 1959]
Ralph Epperson shares the following information.
It was America’s early plan to conceal the true intent of their sale of technology to Russia: to build a superior Russian military power. To accomplish this subterfuge, it became their task to convince the skeptical that the technology was being sold to Russia to assist them in reconstructing their war-ravaged economy, and that such aid was civilian and not military.
For instance, some of the first factories constructed in Russia in the 1920’s and 1930’s were “tractor” factories, constructed in the Russian cities of Volgograd, Kharkov, and Chelyabinsk. All three were constructed by American companies…
These “tractor” factories, ostensibly constructed to supply farm tractors to the Russian farmer, today produce tanks, armored cars, self-propelled guns, launchers, missile carriers, anti-aircraft guns, and trucks.
In addition, military tanks, so essential to any military structure, are constructed in two key production plants: “the Gorki plant and the Zil plant…” The Gorki plant was built from scratch by Henry Ford in the 1930’s…
One of the most recent examples of American technology coming back to haunt the American people has come from the experience in building the Kama River truck factory in Russia in 1969. This plant, capable of producing 100,000 heavy duty trucks and 150,000 diesel engines a year, more than all U.S. manufacturers put together, cost the Russians over $1.4 billion. Nearly $1 billion of that total came from the United States in the form of computers, heavy equipment, and foundry equipment…
In addition to building the plants that produce the military hardware essential to Russia’s armed forces, the Americans constructed essential industries to assist the actual construction process. For instance, there are two steel plants in Russia… Both of these plants were constructed by American companies, the one in Magnitogorsk by the Arthur G. McKee & Co., the builder of the U.S. Steel plant in Gary, Indiana, and the other by the Freyn Engineering Company of Chicago.
The oil industry also received American attention… Lenin gave three oil boring concessions to three major oil companies: Standard Oil Company (Rockefeller); the Comparre Oil Company of New Jersey…, and Royal Dutch Shell.
In addition to the oil concessions, Standard Oil received a concession to build a 150,000 ton kerosene plant, capable of producing 100 octane gasoline. Standard Oil also concluded a deal to market Russian oil in Eastern European markets…
Gary Allen, another researcher of merit into this subject has stated: “It is possible the Rockefellers still own oil production facilities behind the Iron Curtain, drawing profits out through Switzerland.
[Source: The Unseen Hand, Ralph A. Epperson]
What is even more shocking is that the American government sent the Soviets plans for America’s military technology, including the building of submarines and the atomic bomb. The transfer to Russia of the technology to build nuclear weapons was alluded to in a novel written by the son of Franklin Roosevelt in 1980. The book is titled A Family Matter. The dust cover of the book states, “Roosevelt… makes a bold secret decision – to share the results of the Manhattan Project with the Soviet Union.”
The world banking interests would have had a hard time selling to America and the West the idea of a Soviet threat if America alone had nuclear weapons and Russia did not. There would have been little basis for an arms race, thus the technology was given to the Russians. It was necessary for the Russians to have nuclear weapons so that a state of continual threat of nuclear destruction could be used to justify both exorbitant military spending and various policy actions.
An article in the Wall Street Journal of April 25, 1975, headlined: “U.S. Quietly Allows Uranium Shipments to Soviet Union for Processing into Fuel.” The article detailed that the State Department had approved the sale of 1.4 million pounds of uranium oxide mined in Wyoming and New Mexico to the Soviet government. It would in turn be processed into pellets rich in Uranium 235. “This isotope provides the power for nuclear electric plants and for the atomic bomb.”
Why, one might ask, if the American government truly considered the Soviet Union to be an “Evil Empire” would it be sending it highly controlled material used in the construction of weapons of mass destruction?
There have been some men in high positions within the U.S. government and military who have discovered what has been done clandestinely to build up the Soviet Union, all the while the same government and military are saying that the Soviet Union was the greatest threat to global freedom and peace. Two men in particular were James Forrestal, America’s first Secretary of Defense, and General George Patton. These men were adamantly opposed to aiding the Soviets, and discovering that the policies and actions of the American government were aiding the Communists, these men became outspoken critics. Both men met untimely deaths while in the care of the government in military hospitals. For those who care to pursue this subject further, their stories make insightful reading. Interestingly, both James Forrestal and Joseph McCarthy, died in Bethesda Naval Hospital under suspicious circumstances.
People of God, as the media and government have for decades talked about the “Red Menace” of the Soviet Union, they have used this as an excuse for massive military spending and entry into numerous conflicts.
Brothers and sisters, the Cold War, like the Space Race which grew out of it, were both fictions created for public consumption. They were used to justify the huge expenditures of governments which in turn passed the money along to multinational corporations and bankers. Remember once again the words of President Kennedy cited early on in this book.
The very word “secrecy” is repugnant in a free and open society; and we are as a people inherently and historically opposed to secret societies, to secret oaths and to secret proceedings…
Our way of life is under attack. Those who make themselves our enemy are advancing around the globe. The survival of our friends is in danger. And yet no war has been declared, no borders have been crossed by marching troops, no missiles have been fired.
If the press is awaiting a declaration of war before it imposes the self-discipline of combat conditions, then I can only say that no war ever posed a greater threat to our security. If you are awaiting a finding of “clear and present danger,” then I can only say that the danger has never been more clear and its presence has never been more imminent…
For we are opposed around the world by a monolithic and ruthless conspiracy that relies primarily on covert means for expanding its sphere of influence – on infiltration instead of invasion, on subversion instead of elections, on intimidation instead of free choice, on guerrillas by night instead of armies by day. It is a system which has conscripted vast human and material resources into the building of a tightly knit, highly efficient machine that combines military, diplomatic, intelligence, economic, scientific and political operations.
Its preparations are concealed, not published. Its mistakes are buried, not headlined. Its dissenters are silenced, not praised. No expenditure is questioned, no rumor is printed, no secret is revealed. It conducts the Cold War, in short, with a war-time discipline no democracy would ever hope or wish to match.
John F. Kennedy became aware of this hidden monolithic power, and he opposed it. He should have been aware of the danger of doing so, for he stated “Its dissenters are silenced, not praised.” Yet, to an extent, Kennedy was also a pawn in the hands of this powerful threat. It was Kennedy who presented the vision for America to place men on the Moon, a scheme that originated in the minds of the same men he condemned.
Why did the Soviets not expose the deceit of the United States Apollo Missions? The Soviets were not truly America’s enemies. The Cold War was all political theater, and it turned out to be a highly profitable show for the international bankers and corporate rulers. There was as much deception in the Soviet space program as there was in the American, yet America did not expose the Soviet fraud. Instead America’s government and media played it up, giving top billing and front page headlines to each new Soviet accomplishment. In this way they were able to frighten the American people, convincing them that after having won World War II they now would be eclipsed by “the Red Menace,” that godless, atheistic empire which threatened to make all men into impoverished slaves.
Oh the great cunning of it all! Satan has given the script to his earthly disciples and they have played all humanity for fools. Some weeks ago in my research I came across a 1966 publication titled Russia’s Space Hoax. It was a special news book written by Lloyd Mallan and published by Science and Mechanics. I was able to acquire a copy online. On the Contents page were listed the following stories.
Why Red Missiles Can Not Destroy Our Cities
(Proof that the Russian missile threat is actually a ‘paper tiger.’)
How the Russian “Space Walk” was Faked – Parts 1, 2, and 3
(Proving Leonov’s “walk in space” was actually a phony!)
The Russian Spacemen Who Weren’t There – Parts 1, 2, and 3
(Evidence that the Reds have never orbited a manned spacecraft.)
The publication also includes a story titled Russia’s Scientific Piracy. What the author did not perceive, or did not disclose, is that it was not covert piracy which led to the Russians obtaining so much of the technology of the West. The technology was transferred outright by the global corporations who serve only their own interests. They have no patriotism toward any nation or land or people.
In the article How the Russian “Space Walk” was Faked, Mallan provides numerous evidence and arguments similar to those set forth by individuals who have exposed the fakery of the American space program. The same tactics were used by both nations. In one photo which was famous at the time, showing Soviet Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov performing the first space walk, it was concluded by numerous experts that the photo was actually shot underwater, a common environment for simulating the weightlessness of space.
Alexey Leonov Beginning First Space Walk
An interesting story is told elsewhere of the deception of Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin’s accomplishments. In the documentary video What Happened on the Moon – Hoax, Lies, and Videotape, David Percy and Mary Bennett provide evidence of the fakery involved in the Soviet space program.
Being apprised of these things, we might as well ask why the American government and mainstream media did not expose the deceptions of the Soviets. The answer should be apparent now to the reader of this book. The governments of nations and global media are alike controlled by the international corporate masters. Both the American and Soviet governments were playing assigned roles which benefitted the bankers and global corporations while extracting billions of dollars annually from the citizens of both nations. The Space Race, like the Cold War, was a swindle on a global scale. Satan is the great deceiver who deceives the whole world.
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